re: [Christians Only] evolution.
reddit (comment)
{ posted: 9 hours ago // views: 2 // words: 61 }

I agree, but would humbly suggest that "adaptation" is a better term than "macro evolution". I feel like the biggest trick evolution apologists use is to say: "Look, these animals lived in cold conditions for generations and developed thicker coats, so obviously dinosaurs turned into chickens" and referring to the former as "macro evolution" plays into that narrative.

[context: PMcCullough @ reddit]

re: [Christians Only] evolution.
reddit (comment)
{ posted: 9 hours ago // views: 2 // words: 239 }

I'm pretty much in the same boat, but my pastor once argued for a hard-line Young Earth Creationism based on a literal interpretation of Genesis by essentially asking the question "who are you listening to/believing?" I found it a pretty compelling point.

Because if any of us read the scriptural account of creation with no other information / outside influences, we wouldn't say "I bet when it says 7 days, it actually means 7 multi-billion year epochs", we would take it at face value.

When we start to argue that it doesn't really mean what it says, it's because we're trying to make it gibe with the latest hypotheses of scientists because we don't want to sound stupid. And if we'll do it for what God says about creation, then we'll probably do it for what he says about right and wrong when we don't want to sound bigoted or judgmental to the world.

It's tricky, because the strict creationist interpretation doesn't really gibe with my personal experience or perspective, but then, neither does life after death. And I'm opposed to reactionary anti-intellectualism.

But ultimately, if we agree that God in any way created the universe, it's absurd to say "Well but He couldn't have done it THAT way". So while it does make sense that the world is billions of years old, that doesn't seem to be what Scripture says, and that's my authority.

[context: PMcCullough @ reddit]

TIL that the highest ranking general in the Confederate Army was a career US Army officer from New York named Samuel Cooper.
{ posted: Tuesday, 24 April, 2018 at 9:58pm // views: 4 // words: 4 }

[src: PMcCullough @ reddit]

My Great-Grandfather’s Death Certificate
{ posted: Tuesday, 24 April, 2018 at 1:06pm // views: 129 // words: 571 }

Thomas Ward McCullough, just before the War.

Finally received a copy of my great-grandfather’s death certificate, having been curious about the cause of his demise for years. As a 23-year-old private in the 42nd Artillery, his company was hit with mustard gas in the Second Battle of the Marne. Family lore says that he only survived by pulling the mask from a felled comrade. My grandfather recalled him being persistently sick–his standard answer to “how are you?” being “About as sick as I’ve been in a month of Sundays.”

The studies I’ve found on the link between mustard gas and lung cancer aren’t compelling, not to mention the fact that he was an asthmatic who regularly smoked Bull Durham, though his passing at the age of 52 puts him a bit on the young side of the CDC’s claim that smoking reduces life expectancy by a decade.

The Birmingham General Hospital in Van Nuys, California (in which he died) was a typically Californian sprawl of symmetrical stucco buildings planted in the middle of farm land during World War II. It had served as military hospital and Prisoner of War Camp and would close by 1950.

The Birmingham Veterans Administration Hospital’s 114 buildings spread across 146 acres in Van Nuys, California. Image via California State Military Museums

He came to California from Georgia only shortly before entering the hospital–just long enough to take up work as a hotel maintenance man. Maybe a sad fall from a life in law enforcement, maybe a welcome relief. Either way, he entered the hospital on December 10th, 1946. 5 weeks later, they removed his cancerous right lung, and two months after that, he succumbed to the metastases that had engulfed his brain.

It does strike me as sad that he left the world over two thousand miles away from his nearest family member. I probably read too much into things, but I’ve always wondered whether the exile didn’t stem from some vague feeling, instilled by the trauma inflicted by his own father, that a father’s best influence was none at all. At least for a McCullough. In fact, three days before Ward’s final admission into the hospital, the Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta burned, killing 119. Later researchers pointed to arson carried out by Ward’s brother Roy. At any rate, the final self-inflicted isolation mirrored, if less profitably, the breaks from family he had forced on himself through his whole life.

My grandfather’s last memory of his father was on a busy sidewalk in Brunswick, Georgia. A young pastor by then, well along on a successful path, he saw his father at a distance, and crossed the street to avoid him. He never knew whether or not his father had seen him, but I have a romantic imagining that he did, and that he must have derived some painful satisfaction from it–Yes, cross the street.

In the final reckoning, I think the notion that we can open doors for our children that will lead them places we cannot follow is a lie, but I don’t doubt the sincerity with which my great-grandfather held it, or the nobility of the mistake. He certainly endured the fruits of it–bounty and rot alike–and I know the life I’ve been able to enjoy stems from it.

Anything I can do for dying chicken?
{ posted: Friday, 20 April, 2018 at 3:38pm // views: 9 // words: 77 }

Got home today to find a hen whose been getting pecked lying down with a pretty big bloody hole on her back side. I put her in a pet carrier and brought her in the house. She's still breathing and moved a bit when I picked her up, but is generally not responsive.. Not worth taking her to the vet, but wondering if there is anything I can do for her at this point?

[src: PMcCullough @ reddit]

Has anyone else seen these baffling/hilarious YouTube shorts Carl Weathers starred in a decade ago?
{ posted: Friday, 20 April, 2018 at 11:30am // views: 5 // words: 4 }

[src: PMcCullough @ reddit]

TIL I learned that in 2008 Carl Weathers did a series of perplexing YouTube shorts titled "Change is Beautiful".
{ posted: Friday, 20 April, 2018 at 11:29am // views: 7 // words: 4 }

[src: PMcCullough @ reddit]

What’s the tiniest mistake you’ve ever made that resulted in having to throw out a ton of work?
{ posted: Friday, 20 April, 2018 at 9:01am // views: 5 // words: 4 }

[src: PMcCullough @ reddit]

re: The first 5 words of Biblia Sacra Ex Sebastiani Castellionis
reddit (comment)
{ posted: Thursday, 19 April, 2018 at 2:00pm // views: 7 // words: 31 }

Thanks for the tip–I've only just wandered into the sub and had missed that recommendation, but it looks like a great resource. Will definitely order one tout suite!

[context: PMcCullough @ reddit]

re: The first 5 words of Biblia Sacra Ex Sebastiani Castellionis
reddit (comment)
{ posted: Thursday, 19 April, 2018 at 12:42pm // views: 8 // words: 180 }

Looks like we're on the same page! I'm hoping to learn Koine Greek, Classical Latin, and (maybe) Hebrew, which started off as a desire to read the original scriptures but has sort of merged with a desire to have (so I can pass to my young sons) a "Classical education".

At any rate, I actually thought of going with the Gospels instead, but the only copy of this particular Bible I could find online only seems to have the Old Testament. And this was the only Bible I was able to find a reference to that is supposedly in Classical rather than Ecclesiastical/Medieval/Vulgar Latin?

Are you doing anything with Greek yet? I started with learning to recite the alphabet, but now need to get where I can actually recognize the letters on the page instantly. I actually built a little tool where you paste English words into a box, and it converts the letters (roughly) into Greek. I've been pasting articles I want to read into it, just to try and really get the letters down.

[context: PMcCullough @ reddit]

re: Translation request: All we are is dust in the wind, dude
reddit (comment)
{ posted: Thursday, 19 April, 2018 at 10:14am // views: 6 // words: 129 }

That would literally be "Like dust in wind we are", which I think misses the idea that ALL we are is dust in the wind, ie. we are nothing but dust in the wind, not to mention the fact that it lacks any attempt at "dude".

Augustine had a quote: "Nihil sumus nisi voluntates", meaning roughly "we are nothing but our will". I think something like that would be the better approach. "Nihil sumus nisi pulvis in ventum".

If you Google the phrase "nihil sumus nisi pulvis", you'll see it appeared in a 19th century religious text, so it ought to be proper grammar (I am very much not an authority myself).

I don't have any idea about "dude" though. A translation of "man"? "Buddy"? "Brother"?

[context: PMcCullough @ reddit]

The first 5 words of Biblia Sacra Ex Sebastiani Castellionis
{ posted: Thursday, 19 April, 2018 at 9:58am // views: 8 // words: 215 }

Hi all–I'm trying to teach myself Classical Latin without a lick of experience. Tried to accumulate all the conjugation and declension rules and thought I might make sense of it all by putting it into practice and translating some Bible verses. Starting very simply with:

Principio creauit Deus caelum et terram

Using the rules I have, my translation of this would by "By the Beginning, God has created heaven and earth."

Now really, the problems I am having probably have more to do with my lack of understanding of the rules of grammar rather than Latin specifically (should have paid more attention in high school English…), but Creauit appears to be perfect 3rd-person singular. My understanding is that a perfect conjugation requires a word like has/have/had, so based on "God has created", my best guess at the preposition preceding Principio (since it's ablative and implies one) would be "By".

So I'm left with the impression that when Genesis starts, God has already created the heavens and earth.

It seems like there needs to be a "Preterite" conjugation to give us "God created" rather than "God had created", but my Googling doesn't show any such conjugations for Latin?

Much obliged to anyone willing to deign to teach a humble neophyte 1 + 1…

[src: PMcCullough @ reddit]

re: Brick wall: Can’t find my 4th great grandparents.
reddit (comment)
{ posted: Tuesday, 17 April, 2018 at 1:36pm // views: 10 // words: 137 }

I did a search for Clarks in Dale County, Alabama in the 1830 census and found only 1: Mary Clark, a female between 20-49 years old, with 2 children, a female and male, both between 5-9.

Doing a quick Alabama marriage search for men named Clark who married Marys, the only match I find prior to Jack's birth is a Jeremiah Clark marrying a Mary Polk on January 31, 1818 in Madison County, Alabama.

In the 1830 census, there does not appear to be any Jeremiah Clark in Alabama, so that might be a tiny bit of corroborating evidence?

It's worth pointing out that apparently, Dale County wasn't established until 1824, and was first settled by military veterans, so it might be worth looking at war of 1812 pension records? Or Indian War records?

[context: PMcCullough @ reddit]

re: Transcription / Explanation of 1791 South Carolina “Indenture”
reddit (comment)
{ posted: Monday, 16 April, 2018 at 7:46pm // views: 7 // words: 30 }

Thanks so much for the great reply–what was the purpose of this? Did it allow someone to make sure they were going to like their new neighbors?

[context: PMcCullough @ reddit]

Transcription / Explanation of 1791 South Carolina "Indenture"
{ posted: Monday, 16 April, 2018 at 6:20pm // views: 6 // words: 664 }

I recently got a copy of an "indenture" for the heirs of a deceased ancestor. You can see it here.

Below is my best effort at transcribing it, most of the work done by Googling snippets I could actually read since it's largely boilerplate. I have a few question marks in spots where I couldn't figure something out. But I don't know how illuminating filling in those minor gaps will be.

As for the content of it, I'm a bit confused… It looks like the heirs of George McCullock paid James Daugherty and that he then did "sell unto the said heirs all that plantation or tract of land containing one hundred and thirty acres". So then why does it go on to say the heirs will be "paying therefore unto the said James Daugharty the rent of one pepper corn"? Did they buy it from him? Or are they renting it?

Additionally, my ancestor who is here revealed to be deceased by 1791, appeared in a separate record to have been alive and in possession of property as late as 1786, so why would his family (which included young children) be acquiring property not long after his demise?

South Carolina Newberry County

This indenture made the thirtieth day of June in the year of our Lord one Thousand Seven hundred and ninety One and in the fifteenth year of American independancy. H H Between James Daugherty of the State and County aforesaid and planter of the one part and the heirs of George McCullock deceased of the same place county and state aforesaid of the other part witnesseth that the said James Daugherty for and in consideration of the just and full sum of two shillings thirty??? to him in hand ???? and ???? paid the said James Daugherty by hand before the sealing and delivery of these presents the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged to the said James Daugherty hath bargained and sold and by these presents doth bargain and sell unto the said heirs all that plantation or tract of land containing one hundred and thirty acres ???? in the District of Ninety Six on the waters of Cannon's Creek together with all and singular the houses, out houses, edifices buildings barns stables yards gardens woods under woods lumber and timber trees meadows pastures ponds lakes fishing ways water water courses paths passages liberties privileges profits hereditaments rights members and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining, and the reversion and reversions remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof, and of every part and parcel thereof to have and to hold the said plantations with EVERY THE PROMISING? and appurtenances therein belonging unto the said George McCullock heirs executors administrators and assigns from the day next before the day of the date of these presents for and during and unto the full end term of one whole year from thence next ensuing and to be completed and ended yielding & paying therefore unto the said James Daugharty the rent of one pepper corn on the last day of the said term of the same shall be lawfully demanded to the intent and purpose and by force of the statute for transfering of uses into possession. They the said heirs may be in actual possession of all and singular the premises above mentioned with every the appurtenances thereunto belonging & thereby be the better enabled to have take and receive the reversion and inheritance thereof which is intended to be to them and their heirs and assigns granted and released by the said James Daugharty by another indenture intended to be made and dated the next day of the date of these presents in witness whereof the said James Daugharty hath hereunto interchangeably set his hand and seal the day & year first above written.

James Daugharty

Signed Sealed & delivered in the presence of Thomas Hughes John L Livingston John I H Hare??

[src: PMcCullough @ reddit]

Lewis McCullough Deed to Elizabeth Elmore
{ posted: Monday, 16 April, 2018 at 10:57am // views: 8 // words: 450 }

[source: Newberry County Deeds, Book U-2, pg. 181]

Recently ordered a few deeds from Newberry County, South Carolina pertaining to McCullough ancestors, primarily toward the goal of learning more about the original immigrant, George McCullough. Here’s one from much later, when Lewis McCullough and his wife Ruth (Ruthy) sell one hundred acres to Ruth’s widowed mother, Elizabeth Elmore, for fifty dollars. The Land Act of 1820 (seven years prior to this sale) set the minimum price of land (bought from the government) to $1.25 per acre, so their fifty cents per acre was obviously a very friendly rate. The fact that Elizabeth Elmore was already living on the land would seem to suggest that the land was willed to Ruth and Lewis by Ruth’s father upon his death.


The State of South Carolina } Know all men by these presents that we Lewis McCullough and Ruthe McCullough of Newberry District in the State aforesaid in consideration of fifty Dollars to us paid by Elizabeth Elmore widow of Thos Elmore Deceased of Newberry District in the State aforesaid have granted Bargained Sold and released and by these presents do grant bargain sell and release unto the said Elizabeth Elmore widow all our right title & interest a certain tract of Land containing one hundred acres. Whereon Elizabeth Elmore now lives the property of the Estate of Thos Elmore Late of Newberry Deceased Together with all and singular the Rights Members Hereditaments and Appurtenances to the said premises belonging, or in anywise incident or appertaining to have and to hold all and singular the premises before mentioned unto the same Elizabeth Elmore her heirs and assigns forever. And we do hereby bind ourselves our heirs executors and administrators to warrant and forever defend all and singular the said premises unto the said Elizabeth Elmore her heirs and assigns against ourselves and our heirs and all other persons whomsoever lawfully claiming or to claim the same or any part thereof. Witness our hands and seals this ninth day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty seven and in the fifty first year of the Independence of the United States of America.

Signed Sealed and Delivered in the presence of
Henry O’Neal
Samuel Chapman

Lewis McCullough
Ruthy McCullough

State of South Carolina }
Newberry District }
Personally appeared before me Samuel Chapman and made oath that he saw Lewis McCullough and Wife sign seal, and deliver the above conveyances for the uses and purposes therein mentioned and that himself with Henry O’Neale in the presence of each other witnessed the due execution thereof sworn to before me this 9th Day of March 1827.

Samuel Chapman
Henry ONeall

A Grace Record the 15th March 1827
Attest Y. J. Harrington, Reg.

What poems, soliloquies, etc… were you made to memorize in school?
{ posted: Thursday, 12 April, 2018 at 7:45pm // views: 9 // words: 4 }

[src: PMcCullough @ reddit]

Instagram #BhPueAxnRO_
{ posted: Friday, 6 April, 2018 at 6:26pm // views: 17 // words: 9 }

Sick boy’s been couch bound

[Photo src: P_G_McCullough @ instagram]

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